Some of the most common complications of obesity in pregnancy are caused due to over weight gain are gestational diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia, caesarean delivery, and post-partum weight retention.
Obese women may have difficulty becoming pregnant as obesity may affect ovulation and fertility by altering the normal hormonal patters that the ovaries need to function properly. It has also been shown that the risks of birth defects and adolescent obesity are increased in children born to obese women when pregnant. It is extremely important for a woman to control her weight well in advance of trying to become pregnant.
Obesity not only affects the health but also increases the complications during pregnancy term. Dealing with pregnancy obesity is a major task.
This is one of the most common ways how obesity affects pregnancy. The obesity during pregnancy can lead to increased chances for pre-term labour and pre-mature delivery.
Child Suffering From Obesity
It is known scientifically that a child with obese mother during pregnancy s more likely to suffer from obesity during childhood and adolescence.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, that happens during pregnancy is called gestational hypertension. The condition develops about 20 weeks after pregnancy and requires a blood pressure of at least 140/90 for a diagnosis. Higher blood pressures earlier in pregnancy increase the risk for other problems like preeclampsia, a condition that involves protein in the urine, vision changes, or kidney or liver abnormalities in pregnant women.
Diabetes induced by pregnancy is called gestational diabetes, and it is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels. Pregnancy causes higher blood sugar levels in all women due to hormonal changes, but usually the pancreas produces enough insulin to offset this effect. Gestational diabetes happens when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin, and the condition increases the chance of miscarriage. High blood sugar levels also lead to excess growth of the baby that may cause problems during delivery. Women who are 20 percent or more overweight before pregnancy are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.
Lower Detection Rate
The radio diagnostics are unable to detect the abnormalities that the child might be suffering from in case of a women suffering from obesity.
Miscarriages are very common effect of obesity during pregnancy. Also, the IVF treatments have shown fewer improvements in such cases.
Preeclampsia Preeclampsia is characterized by the high blood pressure and other organ difficulties such as malfunctioning of the kidneys. Dealing with pregnancy obesity is difficult but necessary due to its preeclampsia effects which can be life threatening for both the foetus and mother.
Pregnancy obesity could often cause frequent urinary tract infections. Also, affecting the risk of C-section delivery over vaginal.