Being overweight means a teen has excess body weight for height, which could be from bones, muscles or fat. A teen who is obese has too much body fat.
Being overweight is a very commonly seen problem among adolescents. Binge eating is one of the common eating disorders associated with teen obesity. The term obesity can be explained as an excessive accumulation of body fat, resulting from unhealthy dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle. Overeating and a lack of exercise play a significant role in developing obesity among adolescents. Other causes of teen obesity are heredity, metabolism problems, overeating or bingeing, certain medications such as steroids, psychiatric medications, medical conditions such as endocrine and neurological problems, emotional problems and stressful life events.
Obesity in adolescents can lead to a number of physical and psychological problems, such as gallbladder diseases, sleep apnea, Blount’s disease, hypertension and certain orthopedic problems such as Slipped Capital-Femoral Epiphysis. Overweight teens may develop inferiority complex and low self-esteem, because they are teased about their appearance. To prevent these problems, teens should learn to maintain normal body weight loss by opting for a healthy lifestyle. Teen obesity can be treated with certain medications, dietary changes and increasing physical activities.
Habits, especially those related to dietary choices, are ingrained during the adolescent years and will stay with the teen for life. A gradual change in the entire family’s meal plans will benefit everyone. Home-cooked meals do not need saturated and trans fats to taste delicious.
Teen girls need about 1,800 to 2,400 calories per day while teen boys need 2,000 to 3,000 calories per day, depending on the age and level of physical activity, according to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Taking in more calories than a teen burns leads to weight gain. Your teen’s doctor can help you determine an appropriate number of calories to maintain her health and can also help her drop unwanted pounds. Once you have the number of calories she need to maintain her weight, spread it out through the day to keep her feeling full without overdoing.
Overweight teens are 70 percent more likely to become overweight or obese adults; familial support is key to preventing this. Bolster the teen’s morale by setting weight loss diet goals and empower him by letting him make his own healthy choices.
Healthy food choices start at the grocer’s counter. Although it’s easy to grab pre-packaged snacks and lunches, these options are typically high-calorie with very little nutritional value. The Office of the Surgeon General admonishes severe dietary changes in the growing adolescent, while encouraging gradual changes leading to a healthful diet. By simply taking away one can of cola, the teen will cut 150 calories out of the day. In conjunction with a balanced diet, plenty of water and the recommended five servings of fruit and veggies should fill up the overweight teen, not sugary snacks or juices.
Snacks are huge for teenagers. They’ll come home from school famished. When the house is full of healthy fruit, veggies with dips, popcorn, and tortilla chips with salsa, they’ll go for it. If your kids have serious sweet tooths, bake cookies which are low in fat and sugar and also have fruit in the batter. Finding continued ways to keep the diet of the teenager nutritious takes a little work, but healthy habits can last a lifetime.